Difference between the Physiological Effects of Gibberellic Acid and Abscisic Acid – Comparison Table

Physiological Effects of Abscisic Acid (ABA) and Gibberellic Acid

Physiological Effects of Abscisic Acid and Gibberellic Acid: Gibberellin (Gibberellic Acid) and Abscisic Acid (ABA) are two important plant hormones. Plant Hormones also called ‘Phytohormones’ or ‘Plant Growth Substances’, are signaling molecules produced in very minute quantities in the plants that have immense physiological and metabolic effects. They regulate the growth and development of plants.

The present post discusses the Difference between the Physiological effects of Gibberellin (Gibberellic Acid) and Abscisic Acid (ABA) in plants with a Comparison Table.

Gibberellic Acid: Gibberellic acid or gibberellin, abbreviated as GA, is a major phytohormone produced by some plants and microbes (fungi) which promote the growth and cell elongation. Gibberellic acid was first identified in Japan as a metabolic by-product of a plant pathogenic fungus called Gibberella fujikuroi. The infection of rice plants with this fungi cause a disease called ‘bakane’ meaning ‘foolish seedlings’. The diseased plants will grow much taller than the normal and they eventually die because they are not sturdy enough to support their own weight. The excessive elongation of the internodes in these infected plants was found be to be due to the effect of Gibberellic acid produced by the pathogen.

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Abscisic Acid: Abscisic acid (ABA) is a plant hormone involved in the environment related plant stress responses and seed and bud dormancy. They are so named because their concentration will be more in the newly abscised leaves. Abscisic acid was earlier thought to be involved in the abscission of plant parts, particularly leaves. Now it is clear that the involvement of abscisic acid in leaf abscission is not absolute.

Physiological Effects of Abscisic Acid

Physiological Effects of Abscisic Acid and Gibberellic Acid

Sl. No.Gibberellic Acid
(GA or Gibberellin)
Abscisic Acid
1Gibberellic Acid (GA) promote plant growthAbscisic acid (ABA) inhibits plant growth.
2GA removes the dormancy of seeds and bunds.ABA induces dormancy of seeds and buds.
3GA induces seed germination.ABA inhibits seed germination.
4GA promote flowering in Long-day plants.ABA promotes flowering in Short-day plants.
5GA promotes cellular transcription and translation.ABA inhibits cellular transcription and translation.
6GA prevents leaf abscission.ABA promotes leaf abscission.
7GA helps in the opening of stomata.ABA promotes the closing of stomata.
8GA promotes the development of fruits in plants.ABA promotes the abscission of flower and fruits in plants.
9During the germination of seed, GA promotes the activity of amylase enzyme to hydrolyze the starch to glucose.ABA inhibits the activity of amylase enzyme and inhibits the conversion of starch to glucose and thereby it inhibits the seed germination.

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