MCQ on HIV AIDS Virus

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a retrovirus that attacks the immune system, specifically CD4 cells (T cells), weakening the body’s ability to fight infections and diseases. If left untreated, it can progress to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), a severe, often fatal condition. This is an MCQ on HIV Virus Structure and Infection Cycle.

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1. 
What does HIV stand for?

2. 
Which type of immune cells does HIV primarily target and infect?

3. 
How is HIV primarily transmitted from one person to another?

4. 
Which of the following is NOT a common mode of HIV transmission?

5. 
What is the term for the advanced stage of HIV infection when the immune system is severely damaged and opportunistic infections occur?

6. 
Which test is used to diagnose HIV infection by detecting the presence of HIV antibodies in the blood?

7. 
What is the name of the antiretroviral medication used to prevent HIV infection in individuals at high risk?

8. 
How does HIV evade the immune system and establish latent infections in the body?

9. 
Which type of HIV has a faster progression to AIDS and is more common in certain regions of the world?

10. 
What is the recommended way to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV during childbirth and breastfeeding?

11. 
What is the primary goal of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for individuals living with HIV?

12. 
What does the term "seroconversion" mean in the context of HIV?

13. 
What is the key step in the HIV life cycle that involves the conversion of viral RNA into DNA?

14. 
Which part of the HIV virion (virus particle) attaches to the host cell receptor to initiate infection?

15. 
How can individuals reduce their risk of HIV infection through sexual contact?

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