MCQ on Mitochondria Structure and Functions




Mitochondria are double-membraned organelles within cells, acting as the powerhouse by generating energy through aerobic respiration. They produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), crucial for cellular functions, making mitochondria essential for the energy needs of eukaryotic organisms. This is an MCQ on Mitochondria Structure and Functions.

|  Cell and Molecular Biology Notes  |  Cell and Molecular Biology PPT  |



1. 
What is the primary function of mitochondria in eukaryotic cells?

2. 
Mitochondria are often referred to as the "powerhouses" of the cell because they are responsible for:

3. 
The process by which mitochondria generate ATP through the oxidation of glucose and other organic molecules is known as:

4. 
Mitochondria contain their own genetic material in the form of a small circular DNA molecule. This DNA encodes for:

5. 
Which part of the mitochondria is responsible for converting the chemical energy stored in food molecules into ATP?

6. 
The inner mitochondrial membrane is highly folded and forms structures known as:

7. 
The electron transport chain, a series of protein complexes embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane, is involved in the:

8. 
Mitochondria are thought to have originated from:

9. 
Mitochondria are unique among cellular organelles because they contain their own DNA, which is inherited from:

10. 
In addition to ATP production, mitochondria are involved in other metabolic processes, such as the regulation of:

11. 
Mitochondria play a crucial role in cellular respiration, converting the energy stored in glucose into ATP. This process primarily occurs in which mitochondrial compartment?

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MCQ on Mitochondria

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