MCQ on Fatty Acids Structure and Functions (Part-2)




Fatty acids are essential building blocks of fats and oils, crucial for energy production and cell structure. They consist of hydrocarbon chains with a carboxyl group, and variations in length and saturation contribute to diverse biological functions. This is an MCQ on Fatty Acids Structure and Functions with Examples.

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1. 
What is the basic structure of a fatty acid?

2. 
Fatty acids are classified based on the presence of double bonds in their hydrocarbon chain. Which type of fatty acid contains no double bonds and is typically solid at room temperature?

3. 
Which essential fatty acids are required for the synthesis of important compounds like prostaglandins and leukotrienes?

4. 
Trans fats are a type of unsaturated fatty acid that is created through a process called hydrogenation. What is the primary source of trans fats in the diet?

5. 
Omega-3 fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are known for their health benefits, including reducing inflammation and supporting brain health. What is a common dietary source of omega-3 fatty acids?

6. 
The "omega" in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids refers to:

7. 
Which type of fatty acid is important for the synthesis of the myelin sheath that surrounds nerve cells?

8. 
Which fatty acid, commonly found in coconut oil, is known for its potential to increase "good" HDL cholesterol levels in the body?

9. 
What is the term for a molecule that combines a long-chain fatty acid with a molecule of glycerol and is a primary component of triglycerides?

10. 
Which of the following is a function of fatty acids in the body?

11. 
In the context of fatty acids, what is the term for a saturated fatty acid that has 16 carbon atoms in its chain?

12. 
Which of the following statements is true regarding essential fatty acids?

13. 
Arachidonic acid is an important omega-6 fatty acid that serves as a precursor for the synthesis of:

14. 
Which type of fatty acid is known for its potential to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and is often associated with the Mediterranean diet?

15. 
Which of the following is a saturated fatty acid commonly found in animal fats and is associated with an increased risk of heart disease when consumed in excess?

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mcq on fatty acids




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